Different people make different ethical and empirical assumptions, and this affects what they believe to be the best ways to do good. The Global Priorities Project has created a flowchart that explains how different assumptions map onto different conclusions about how to best help others.
The flowchart gives conditional, rather than absolute, recommendations: it recommends focus areas based on people’s assumptions. This allows for a clearer representation of how people might disagree about how to do good, but it abstracts away from many important debates about which assumptions are correct.
Cotton-Barratt, Owen & Daniel Kokotajlo. 2016. How can we help the world? A flowchart.
The focus area flowchart, with a brief introduction.