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The global burden of disease is the collective disease burden produced by all diseases around the world. The Global Burden of Disease (GBD) is also a collaborative research program that collects information about mortality and disability caused by different diseases, injuries and risk factors.

To quantify health loss, GBD relies primarily on the disability-adjusted life year (DALY), a type of health-adjusted life year. This measure allows for comparisons over time, across age groups, and among populations.

GBD’s findings are regularly used to set the global health agenda, and to make decisions concerning the allocation of scarce resources. Organizations employing the importance, tractability, neglectedness framework often rely on GBD to assess the promise of tackling various diseases.

Cost-effective interventions aimed at reducing the global burden of disease include malaria control programs, deworming, micronutrient programs, and others.

Further reading

Institute of Health Metrics and Evaluation. 2016. About GBD.
More information about the Global Burden of Disease.

Institute of Health Metrics and Evaluation. 2016. GBD Compare | Viz HubYou.
An interactive tool to explore the results of the Global Burden of Disease study.