You do not have Javascript enabled. Some elements of this website may not work correctly.

Wild animal suffering is the suffering experienced by non-human animals under natural conditions.

Wild animals outnumber animals in factory farms by several orders of magnitude (Tomasik 2016b). In spite of this, the suffering of animals in the wild has received very limited attention and concern; a comprehensive online bibliography in this area lists about fifty publications, most of which published online or in relatively unknown journals (Stafforini 2016). Wild animal suffering is thus a highly important and neglected focus area (Tomasik 2016a).

As of yet, there have been no serious attempts to reduce wild animal suffering, but the issue currently appears to have relatively low tractability. Some in the effective altruism community, however, have argued that this impression is mistaken (Dickens 2016). Interventions that have been proposed include doing advocacy for wild animals, supporting research into potential solutions, and building general capacity (Sentience Politics 2016).

Further reading

Dickens, Michael. 2016. The myth that reducing wild animal suffering is intractable.

McMahan, Jeff. 2010. The meat eaters. The New York Times.

Ng, Y.-K. 1995. Towards welfare biology: evolutionary economics of animal consciousness and suffering. Biology and philosophy 10(3): 255-285.

Sentience Politics. 2016. Reducing suffering among invertebrates such as insects.

Stafforini, Pablo. 2016. Wild animal suffering: a bibliography.

Tomasik, Brian. 2016a. The importance of wild animal suffering.

Tomasik, Brian. 2016b. How many wild animals are there?